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American Cancer Society

American Cancer Society
American Cancer Society


Assembly offices in Washington

The American Cancer Society, or American Cancer Society, is an American voluntary health organization dedicated to fighting and eliminating cancer. It was founded in 1913 and today it has 11 branches and 900 offices distributed throughout the United States of America that employ thousands of volunteers and employees in various fields. Its head office is in Atlanta, Georgia, and the association publishes many scientifically-controlled periodicals

Date

The American Cancer Society was founded on May 22, 1913, by ten doctors and five businessmen in New York City under the name of the American Cancer Society [6] [7], and later the current name was adopted in 1944, according to Charity Navigator, the American Cancer Society is one of the oldest and the largest voluntary organizations in America and the world.

At the time the American Cancer Society was founded, it was not appropriate and appropriate to mention the word cancer in public places, and information about this disease was always kept silent and hidden in an atmosphere of fear and denial, although cancer killed 75,000 people every year in the United States. American women alone, and therefore the most important item or goal on the founders ’agenda was to work to raise awareness of cancer even before the funding of research and studies related to cancer was started, and so many awareness campaigns were conducted and educating doctors, nurses, patients and the general public about Cancer, and articles that talk about this topic were written and published in popular and scientific journals alike, and the association began work to issue magazines of its own based on the monthly bulletins published by the association and containing educational information about cancer, in addition to this the association began recruiting doctors from all Throughout the United States of America to help educate the community about cancer, in 1936 Marguri Eleg, one of the association's leading activists, proposed the creation of a network of volunteers aimed at "waging the war on cancer", and the number of participants increased amazingly. In only three years, to reach 150,000 volunteers, and according to the polls conducted at that time, women volunteers in the fieldwork formed the backbone of this war and were mainly responsible for this increase.

In 1929 the American Cancer Society adopted a new logo, which is a symbolic design by George Durant from Brooklyn, New York. According to Durant, he used the snake, which is one of the main symbols in medical education, and the sword that expresses the fighting spirit of the anti-cancer movement [10].

The American Cancer Society started to reorganize itself across the whole of America in 2013, and the organization concentrated and unified its work, merging branch and regional offices within the parent organization, and asked all of its employees to reapply affiliation applications.

Activities and financing

The activities of the American Cancer Society include providing financial grants to researchers in the field of cancer, including 47 research whose owners won the Nobel Prize in Medicine, research on the relationship between smoking and cancer, and providing information to about one million callers annually through the National Cancer Information Center, among the most famous scientists who obtained Nobel Prize for their Association-funded research: James Watson, Mario Capecchi, Oliver Smiths, Paul Berg, Donald Thomas, and Walter Gilbert. The website of the American Cancer Society contains a chronological list of the most important achievements in the fight against cancer, Including the accomplishments of eminent scientists who have made important discoveries about understanding the mechanism of cancer occurrence, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention, there are currently more than two million volunteers at the American Cancer Society spread over 3,400 branch offices throughout the United States of America. The association also participates in many Public health campaigns such as those that urge to quit smoking, run a chain of convenience stores to raise money for association activities, and also participate in the Johns Hopkins University charitable bike tour that extends nearly 4,000 miles from Baltimore to St. France Lisco.

On December 31 of each year, a comprehensive statistical inventory of all the association's imports is made during the previous fiscal year, and these funds are distributed according to the following ratios: 37% for patient support, 16% for research, 13% for prevention issues, 9% for treatment, and the rest is allocated About 25% of support services: 19% for fundraising and 5% for public administration [17]. This distribution falls within the standard measures of charities in the United States of America, which stipulate that the percentage spent on charitable activities is not less than 65% of the total expenses In 2012, the American Cancer Society collected 934 million One dollar and spent $ 943 million, which required a review of expenditures and a regulation of cost reduction.
Valuation and criticism
The Foundation of Chronicle of Philanthropy released in 1994 the results of the largest study on the popularity and credibility of charitable and not-for-profit organizations in the United States of America, and the study showed that the American Cancer Society is ranked tenth on the list of the most popular non-profit institutions in America among 100 other charities, and found a survey The opinion is that 38% of Americans over the age of 12 chose to feel "love" and "it represents a lot for them" when talking about the American Cancer Society.

The Better Business Bureau considered that the American Cancer Society has all the criteria of charitable organizations as of January 2012 [18], and the Charity Navigator organization of the American Cancer Society gave two stars out of four possible stars, while the Charity Watch gave it the C rating, noting that it It allocates 40% of its annual expenditures to management and fundraising, while it allocates only 60% of its budget to fund various programs. In 1995, the American Cancer Society's Arizona branch came under widespread criticism for its relatively high public expenditures and issued two of The prominent economists are James Bennett and Thomas Delorenzo, a detailed report that explains that the Arizona branch used about 95% of donations to pay salaries and other public costs, and the report emphasized that the annual financial statement of the Arizona State branch has grossly misjudged the amount of money spent on patient services, which led to Inflated more than 10 times, the American Cancer Society responded that the two experts who produced the report were working with a pressure group funded by the tobacco industry.

American Cancer Society Center

The American Cancer Society Center is located in downtown Atlanta and is a large conference center and an administrative building attached to it covering an area of ​​140,000 square meters, including an underground parking garage, designed by the prominent Atlanta architect John Portman. The center of the center consists of meeting rooms, the conference building, commercial offices, and a large two-story theater with 450 seats. On the second floor is a café and cafeteria, and above it, six floors include various offices.

Cancer Control Network

The American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network is a non-profit organization supporting and advocating for the American Cancer Society, founded in 2001 as a lobbying group that seeks to support the American Cancer Society in achieving its goals and working to make cancer a national priority, and it is, in particular, calling for improved access to On cancer health care and supports cancer prevention and early detection programs, cancer research funding programs, anti-smoking, and improving the quality of life for cancer patients, including all cancer survivors and caregivers. Health, doctors, students, universities, and all forces that contribute to the fight against cancer.

The Cancer Network devotes a large part of its resources to increase public awareness about the deficiencies in the American health care system from the perspective of cancer patients. Indeed, the American Cancer Society and the efforts of the Cancer Network have resulted in the signing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act by US President Barack Obama Under this law, patients are protected from possible discrimination by health insurance companies against people suffering from diseases such as cancer, and this ultimately contributed to reducing the burden of exorbitant costs for the patients and their families. As for the funding of cancer research, although the US government is the largest provider of cancer research through the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the recent budgets did not provide any increase to compensate for the medical inflation that occurred, which directly affected the support of cancer research that Sponsored by the American Cancer Society and its partners.

The Cancer Network supports efforts to provide regulatory oversight of the American Food and Drug Administration on tobacco products, and its efforts also aim to increase tobacco taxes and enact laws that prevent and reduce tobacco use, yet the Cancer Network has not fully achieved its goals in this area yet. This may be due to a large amount of money raised by the tobacco industry. In 2012, for example, the United States of America received $ 25 billion in tobacco tax revenues, and in return, only $ 45 million was spent on programs to prevent or stop tobacco use and its products. Another important activity of the Cancer Network is its activities to obtain material and moral support for early detection programs for breast and cervical cancer, the most important of which is the NBCCEDP program that provides early detection checks for these two tumors for low-income women throughout the United States. This program began in 1991 under Supervision of the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, which provides in addition to early detection exams other services such as monitoring the medical condition and providing awareness and support, and that includes women who are not covered by health insurance, and since 1991 this program has provided more than 9.8 million A screening test revealed breast and cervical cancer and diagnosed more than 52,000 cases of breast cancer and 2.8 thousand cases of cervical cancer, despite all these successes, the budget of this program decreased, which prompted the cancer control network with the support of Senator Barbara Mikulski and Kai Hutchison in 2006 to present a project A law providing a 45 million dollar increase in funding for the program and approved by President George W. Bush in 2007.

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